Estrous synchronization is drug treatment to induce heat and ovulation in a large percentage of females at a predictable time. Several methods of estrous synchronization have been developed for use in cattle. Many of these procedures are not acceptable in whitetail deer. Many cattle estrous synchronization programs require that females are monitored for heat activity and artificial insemination is preformed twelve hours after being detected in heat. Effective estrous synchronization programs in whitetail deer allow for all females to .be inseminated at a predetermined time. Trying to artificially inseminate some of the females on one day and then others on the next day would be very stressful on whitetail deer and functional programs of estrous synchronization have been developed.
The most common treatment for estrous synchronization involves the use of a CIDR. A CIDR is a silicone device that contains progesterone. Progesterone is a natural hormone that functions to keep an animal pregnant or out of heat. A CIDR acts to Reep the female out of heat so that when it is removed, the female will come into heat. An injection of PMSG (pregnant mares serum gonadotropin) acts to ensure that the female will produce follicles and to improve the efficiency of the synchronization by improving the synchrony of the resulting ovulations.
Estrous synchronization procedures are the most effective after a female has started having heat cycles. This is why it is helpful to evaluate fawning dates from natural service to determine an average~reeding date. From this.a reasonable artificial insemination date can be determined.
To start the estrous synchronization procedure a CIDR is inserted into the vagina of the doe. The CIDR is shaped like the letter T, and the arms of the T are bend forward to place the CIDR into a the insertion tool. A short plastic string is attached to the base of the T to aid in removal of the device. The arms of the T are placed in the most forward portion of the does vagina. A small amount of anti-microbial salve also acts as a lubricant during insertion of the CIDR. . .
After remaining in the females vagina for 14 to 16 days the CIDR is removed. At the time of removal, an injection of PMSG (150 to 200 IU) is administered. The artificial insemination procedure is preformed 56 to 66 hours after the removal of the CIDR and injection of PMSG.
Some producers are having success using vasectomized bucks to detect heat and preforming artificial insemination about 12 hours after heat is detected. This procedure is very labor intensive, as heat needs to be checked twice daily. Some producers use paint on the inner front legs and belly of the bucks. As a female is mounted by the buck, paint is transferred to the female and this indicates that the female needs to be inseminated. Several producers used this method on does favtns. Does fawns begin having heat cycles at different times during the season, and therefore it is difficult to determine the best time to start an estrous synchronization program on these females.